Articles and Publications

Annual Public Data Reports

Articles and publications using NEMSIS data


Reimer AP, Shew J. (2024) Using NEMSIS to report annual air medical transport statistics. Air Medical Journal. 2024 Jan 5.

Huebinger R, Ketterer AR, Hill MJ, Mann NC, Wang RC, Montoy JC, Osborn L, Ugalde IT. (2024) National community disparities in prehospital penetrating trauma adjusted for income, 2020–2021. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2024 Mar 1;77:183-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2023.12.015

Rundle AG, Crowe RP, Wang HE, Beard JR, Lo AX. (2024) A national study on the comparative burden of pedestrian injuries from falls relative to pedestrian injuries from motor vehicle collisions. Journal of urban health. 2024 Jan 18:1-2. DOI: 10.21203/

Colgan A, Swanson MB, Ahmed A, Harland K, Mohr NM. (2024) Documented use of emergency medical dispatch protocols is associated with improved survival in out of hospital cardiac arrest. Prehospital emergency care. 2024 Jan 2;28(1):160-7. DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2023.2239363

Yazdanfard S, Thornton D, Bhatt P, Fatima B, Khalid J, Song J, Varisco TJ. (2024) Regional Variation in Opioid-Related Emergency Medical Services Transfers During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis. Substance Use & Addiction Journal. 2024 Jan;45(1):74-80. DOI: 10.1177/29767342231208823


Wnorowska, J.H., Naik, V., Ramgopal, S., Watkins, K. and Hoffmann, J.A. (2023) Characteristics of Pediatric Behavioral Health Emergencies in the Prehospital Setting. Acad Emerg Med. DOI:/10.1111/acem.14833

Huebinger R, Chan HK, Mann NC, Fisher B, Karfunkle B, Bobrow B. (2023) Out-of-Hospital Intubation Trends Through the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. Annals of Emergency Medicine DOI:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.07.013

Helander ME, Formica MK, Bergen-Cico DK. (2023) The Daily Patterns of Emergency Medical Events. Journal of Biological Rhythms DOI:10.1177/07487304231193876

Brunson DC, Miller KA, Matheson LW, Carrillo E. (2023) Race and Ethnicity and Prehospital Use of Opioid or Ketamine Analgesia in Acute Traumatic Injury. JAMA Netw Open. DOI:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.38070

Jake Toy, Nichole Bosson, Shira Schlesinger, & Marianne Gausche-Hill (2023) Racial and ethnic disparities in the provision of bystander CPR after witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States ScienceDirect, DOI:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2023.109901

Gregory A. Peters, Rebecca E. Cash, Scott A. Goldberg, Lily M. Kolb, Alexander J. Ordoobadi, & Carlos A. Camargo Jr (2023) Emergency Medical Services Management of Bronchospasm in the United States: A Cross-sectional Analysis and Nationwide Quality Assessment Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2023.2220021

Sriram Ramgopal, Robert J. Sepanski, Remle P. Crowe & Christian Martin-Gill (2023) External Validation of Empirically Derived Vital Signs in Children and Comparison to Other Vital Signs Classification Criteria, Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2023.2206473

Jasani, G., Liang, Y., McNeilly, B., Stryckman, B., Marcozzi, D., & Gingold, D. (2023) Association Between Primary Care Availability and Emergency Medical Services Utilization The Journal of Emergency Medicine DOI:10.1016/j.jemermed.2023.01.002

Steflovich, M. (2023) Management of emergency department diversion during the COVID-19 pandemic and disaster periods Journal of Emergency Management DOI:10.5055/jem.0723

Ramgopal, S. & Martin-Gill, C. (2023) Prehospital Seizure Management in Children: An Evaluation of a Nationally Representative SampleThe Journal of Pediatrics DOI:/10.1016/j.jpeds.2023.02.023

Cercone, A., Ramgopal, S., & Martin-Gill, C. (2023) Completeness of pediatric versus adult patient assessment documentation in the National Emergency Medical Services Information System Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2023.2178563

Rundle, A., Crowe, R., Wang, H., & Lo, A. (2023) A methodology for the public health surveillance and epidemiologic analysis of outdoor falls that require an emergency medical services response Injury Epidemiology DOI:/10.1186/s40621-023-00414-z

Grady, P (2023) Access to Emergency Medical Services In Rural Communities National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services

Jasani, G., Yuayuan, L., McNeilly, B., Stryckman, B., Marcozzi, D., & Gingold, D. (2023) Association Between Primary Care Availability and EMS Utilization The Journal of Emergency Medicine DOI:/10.1016/j.jemermed.2023.01.002

Peters, G., Cash, R., Goldberg, S., Ordoobadi, A., & Camargo C. (2023) Out-of-Hospital Presentation and Management of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations in the United States: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study Annals of Emergency Medicine DOI:/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2022.10.013


Stratman, E. G., Boutilier, J. J., & Albert, L. A. (2022) Patient Assessment and Response Dynamics in Emergency Medical Service Systems. IIE Annual Conference

Shekhar, A., Coutec, R., Maderd, T., Del Riose, M., Peeler, K., Mann, N. Clay, & Madhok, M. (2022) Demographic disparities in tracheal intubation success rates during infant out-of-hospital cardiac arrest Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care DOI:/10.1016/j.tacc.2022.101210

Schultz, B., Burnett, G., Tyler, S., & Mandt, M. (2022) Pediatric Interfacility Transport Modality and Outcomes Air Medical Journal DOI:/10.1016/j.amj.2022.10.012

Shekhar, A., Larkin, A., Fisher, B., & Mann, N. Clay (2022) Aspirin use in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients transported by emergency medical services (EMS) The American Journal of Emergency Medicine DOI:/10.1016/j.ajem.2022.11.030

Hartmann, K., Lubin, J., Boehmer, S., Amin, S., & Flamm, A. (2022) Ground Versus Air: Which Mode of Emergency Medical Service Transportation Is More Likely to Crash? Science Direct DOI:10.1016/j.amj.2022.10.014

Ramgopal, S., Sepanski, R., & Martin-Gill, C. (2022) Empirically Derived Age-Based Vital Signs for Children in the Out-of-Hospital Setting Annals of Emergency Medicine DOI:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2022.09.019

Shekhar, A., Peeler, K., Marron, J., Mann, N. Clay, & Madhok, M. (2022) Neighborhood Socioeconomic Disparities in Infant Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Circulation

Shekhar., A (2022) Leading Causes Of Traumatic Cardiac Arrest In The United States: National-level Surveillance Circulation

Okeke, R., Hoag, T., & Culhane, J. (2022) Endpoints in Vital Signs as a Useful Tool for Measuring Successful Needle Decompression After Traumatic Tension Pneumothorax: An Analysis of the National Emergency Medicine Information System Database Cureus DOI:10.7759/cureus.30715

Cibulas, M., Dougherty, T., Pineda, C., Parreco, J., Curcio, G., & Rosenthal, A. (2022) National Comparison of Mechanical Chest Compression Devices and Manual Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Trauma and Nontrauma Patients Journal of the American College of Surgeons: November 2022 DOI: 10.1097/01.XCS.0000895272.32078.ce

Medrano, N., Villarreal, C., Mann, N. Clay, Price, M., Nolte, K., MacKenzie, E., Bixby, P., Eastridge, B. & the MIMIC Study Group (2022) Activation and On-Scene Intervals for Severe Trauma EMS Interventions: An Analysis of the NEMSIS Database Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2022.2053615

Hashmi, Z., Jansen, J., Kerby, J., & Holcomb, J. (2022) Nationwide estimates of the need for prehospital blood products after injury Transfusion DOI: 10.1111/trf.16991

Abdelal, R., Banerjee, A., Carlberg-Racich, S., Cebollero, C., Darwaza, N., Kim, C., Ito, D., & Epstein, J. (2022) Real-world study of multiple naloxone administrations for opioid overdose reversal among emergency medical service providers Substance Abuse DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2022.2060433

Gupta, R., Holtgrave, D. (2022) A National Tracking System for Nonfatal Drug Overdoses JAMA DOI: 10.1001/jama.2022.10815

Hirschhorn, R., Kerr, Z., Mensch, J., et al. (2022) Epidemiology of Emergency Medical Services Activations for Sport-Related Injuries in the United States Cureus DOI: 10.7759/cureus.27403

Ritter, M., Bohr, A., & McQueen, M. (2022) Association of Cardiac Arrest With Opioid Overdose in Transport Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment DOI: 10.1177/11782218221103582

Escobar, N., DiMaggio, C., Frangos, S., Winchell, R., Bukur, M., Klein, M., Krowsoski, L., Tandon, M., & Berry, C. (2022) Disparity in Transport of Critically Injured Patients to Trauma Centers: Analysis of the National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) Journal of the American College of Surgeons DOI: 10.1097/XCS.0000000000000230

Shekhar, A., Effiong, A., N Clay Mann, & Blumen, I. (2022) Success of prehospital tracheal intubation during cardiac arrest varies based on race/ethnicity and sex Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care DOI: 10.1016/j.tacc.2022.05.006

Mason, M., Wallis, M., Barr, N., Bernard, A., & Lord, B. (2022) An observational study of peripheral intravenous and intraosseous device insertion reported in the United States of America National Emergency Medical Services Information System in 2016 Australasian Emergency Care DOI: 10.1016/j.auec.2022.05.003

Ehlers, J., Fisher, B., Peterson, S., Dai, M., Larkin, A., Bradt, L., & Clay Mann, N. (2022) Description of the 2020 NEMSIS Public-Release Research Dataset Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2022.2079779

Ramgopal, S., Jaeger, L., Cercone, A., Martin-Gill, C., & Fishe, J. (2022) The Child Opportunity Index and Pediatric Emergency Medical Services Utilization Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2022.2076268

Dobson, E., Graham, C., Hua, T., & Pinto, S. (2022) Despair and resilience in the U.S.: Did the COVID pandemic worsen mental health outcomes? Brookings Institution Despair and Resilience

Rebecca, C., Kaimal, A., Clapp, M., Samuels-Kalow, M., & Camargo Jr, C. (2022) Change in emergency medical services-attended out-of-hospital deliveries during COVID-19 in the United States Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2022.2074179

Isakov, A., Carr, M., Munjal, K., Kumar, L., & Gausche-Hill, M. (2022) EMS Agenda 2050 Meets the COVID-19 Pandemic Health Security DOI: 10.1089/hs.2021.0179

Newgard, C., Malveau, S., Mann, N. Clay, Hansen, M., Lang, B., Lin, A., Carr, B., Berry, C., Buchwalder, K., Lerner, E. Brooke,. Hewes, H., Kusin, S., Dai, M., Wei, R., & On behalf of the Pediatric Readiness Study Group (2022) A Geospatial Evaluation of 9-1-1 Ambulance Transports for Children and Emergency Department Pediatric Readiness Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2020.06.045

Gaddam, S., & Singh, S. (2022) Socioeconomic disparities in prehospital cardiac arrest outcomes: An analysis of the NEMSIS database The American Journal of Emergency Medicine DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2020.06.045

Medrano, N., Villarreal, C., Mann, N. Clay, Price, M., Nolte, K., MacKenzie, E., Bixby, P., and Eastridge B.(2022) Activation and on-scene intervals for severe trauma EMS interventions: An analysis of the NEMSIS database Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2022.2053615

Adeyemi, O., Paul, R., DiMaggio, C., Delmelle, E., and Arif, A. (2022) An assessment of the non-fatal crash risks associated with substance use during rush and non-rush hour periods in the United States Drug and Alcohol Dependence DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2022.109386

Huebinger, R., Chan, H., Bobrow, B., Chavez, S., Schulz, K., Gordon, R., and Jarvis, J. (2022) Time to Antiarrhythmic and Association with Return of Spontaneous Circulation in the United States Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2022.2044416

Pitchford, H., Dabhi, N., Chu, L., Padhi, E., Roach, N., Aldridge, C., and Chapman, S. (2022) Emergency Medical Services Documentation Of Stroke Care In The United States Stroke DOI: 10.1161/str.53.suppl_1.WP52

Dobson, E., Graham, C., Dodd, E. (2022) When Public Health Crises Become Entwined: How Trends in COVID-19, Deaths of Despair, and Well-Being Track across the United States The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science DOI: 10.1177/00027162211069719

Sarzynski, S.H., Mancera, A., Mann, C. et al. (2022) Frequency and Risk of Emergency Medical Service Interhospital Transportation of Patients With Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Illness During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the US JAMA DOI: 10.1001/jama.2022.0812

Hanlin, E., Chan, H., Hansen, M., Wendelberger, B,. Shah, M., Bosson, N., Gausche-Hill, M., VanBuren, J., & Wang, H. (2022) Epidemiology of Out-of-Hospital Pediatric Airway Management in the 2019 National Emergency Medical Services Information System Data Set Resuscitation DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2022.01.008

Theodorou, C., Beyer, C., Vanover,M., Brown, I., Salcedo, E., Farmer, D., Hirose, S., Beres, A. (2022) The Hidden Mortality of Pediatric Firearm Violence Journal of Pediatric Surgery DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2021.12.031

Khare, A., Sidana, A., Mohemmed, A., Allicock, D., Waterstone, A., Zimmer, M., & Il’yasova, D. (2022) Acceleration of opioid-related EMS runs in the spring of 2020: The National Emergency Medical Services Information System data for 2018–2020 Drug and Alcohol Dependence DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2022.109271

Brown, L., Crowe, R., Pepe, P., Miller, M., Watanabe, B., Kordik, S., Wampler, D., Page, D., Fernandez, A., Bourn, S., & Myers, J. (2022) Adverse events following emergent prehospital sedation of patients with behavioral emergencies: A retrospective cohort study The Lancet Regional Health – Americas DOI: 10.1016/j.lana.2021.100183

Hashmi, Z., Hu, P., Jansen, J., Butler, F., Kerby, J., & Holcomb, J. (2022) Characteristics and Outcomes of Pre-Hospital Tourniquet Use for Trauma in the United States, Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2021.2025283

Dylla, L., Rice, J., Poisson, S., Monte, A., Higgins, H., Ginde, A., Herson, P., (2022) Analysis of stroke care among 2019-2020 national emergency medical services information system encounters Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases DOI: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.106278


Peters,G., Ordoobadi, A., Panchal, A., & Cash, R. (2021) Differences in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest management and outcomes across urban, suburban, and rural settings Prehospital Emergency Care DOI: 10.1080/10903127.2021.2018076

Lindbeck, G., Shah, M., Braithwaite, S., Powell, J., Panchal, A., Browne, L., Lang, E., Burton, B., Coughenour, J., Crowe, R., Degn, H., Hedges, M., Gasper, J., Guild, K., Mattera, C., Nasca, S., Taillac, P., & Mark Warth (2021) Evidence-Based Guidelines for Prehospital Pain Management: Recommendations Prehospital Emergency Care

Roll, J., & McNeil, N. (2021) Understanding Pedestrian Injuries and Social Equity Oregon Department of Transportation

Abbas, A., Odom, E., & Nwaise, I. (2021) Association between dispatch complaint and critical prehospital time intervals in suspected stroke 911 activations in the National Emergency Medical Services Information System Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases

Todoroski, K.B. (2021) The timing of administering aspirin and nitroglycerin in patients with STEMI ECG changes alter patient outcome BMC Emerg Med DOI:

Birmingham, L.E., Lanese, B.G., McNinch, N., & Furda, C. (2021) Medicaid Expansion and Emergency Medical Service Transports Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved DOI:

Aung, S., Vittinghoff, E., Nah, G., Lin, S., Mann, N.C., & Marcus, G. (2021) Emergency Activations for Chest Pain and Ventricular Arrhythmias Related to Regional Covid-19 Across the US Circulation DOI:

Rock, P., Quesinberry, D., Singleton, M., & Slavova, S. (2021) Emergency Medical Services and Syndromic Surveillance: A Comparison With Traditional Surveillance and Effects on Timeliness Public Health Rep. DOI:

Ordoobadi, A., Peters, G., Westfal, M., Kelleher, C., & Chang, C. (2021) Disparity in prehospital scene time for geriatric trauma patients The American Journal of Surgery DOI:

Ward, C., Zhang, A., Brown, K., Simpson, J., & Chamberlain, J. (2021) National characteristics of non-transported children by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in the United States Prehospital Emergency Care DOI:

Rivard, M., Cash, R., Chrzan, K., et al. (2021) Public Health Surveillance of Behavioral Health Emergencies through Emergency Medical Services Data, Prehospital Emergency Care DOI:

Handberry, M., Bull-Otterson, L., Dai, M., Mann, N.C., Chaney, E., Ratto, J., Horiuchi, K., Siza, C., Kulkarni, A., Gundlapalli, A.V., & Boehmer, T.K. (2021) Changes in Emergency Medical Services Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States, January 2018-December 2020, Clinical Infectious Diseases, DOI:

Shekhar, A., Mercer, C., Ball, R., & Blumen, I. (2021) Persistent Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest, Annals of Emergency Medicine, DOI:

Hashmi, Z.G., Chehab, M., Nathens, A.B., Joseph, B., Bank, E.A., Jansen, J.O., & Holcomb, J.B. (2021) Whole truths but half the blood: Addressing the gap between the evidence and practice of pre-hospital and in-hospital blood product use for trauma resuscitation, Transfusion, DOI:

Hibdon, J., Telep, C.W., Huff, J. (2021) Going Beyond the Blue: The Utility of Emergency Medical Services Data in Understanding Violent Crime, Criminal Justice Review, DOI:

Learner, E.B., Studnek, J., Mann, N.C., Dai, M., Hoffman, C.K., Pilkey, D., Adelgais, K.M., Brown, K.M., Gaither, J.B., Leonard, J.C., Martin-Gill, C., Nishijima, D.K., Owusu-Ansah, S., Shah, Z.S., & Shah, M.I. (2021) A Novel Use of NEMSIS to Create a PECARN-Specific EMS Patient Registry, Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI:

McCann-Pineo, M., Li, T., Barbara, P., Levinsky, B., Debono, J., & Berkowitz, J. (2021) Utility of Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD) Telephone Screening in Identifying COVID-19 Positive Patients, Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI:

Fernandez, A.R., Bourn, S.S., Crowe, R.P., Bronsky, E.S., Scheppke, K.A., Antevy, P., & Myers, J.B. (2021) Out-of-Hospital Ketamine: Indications for Use, Patient Outcomes, and Associated Mortality. Annals of Emergency Medicine, DOI:

Friedman, J., Mann, N.C., & Hansen, H., et al. (2021) Racial/Ethnic, Social, and Geographic Trends in Overdose-Associated Cardiac Arrests Observed by US Emergency Medical Services During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Psychiatry.

Reish, L., Carson, L., & Ray, A. (2021) Associations between social drinking events and pedestrian behavior – An observational study Journal of Transport & Health DOI:


Geiger, C., Smart, R., & Stein, B.D. (2020) Who receives naloxone from emergency medical services? Characteristics of calls and recent trends Substance Abuse, 41:3, 400-407, DOI:

Yeargin S., Hirschhorn R., & Grundstein A. (2020) Heat-Related Illnesses Transported by United States Emergency Medical ServicesMedicina. 2020; 56(10):543. DOI:

Friedman, J., Beletsky, L., & Schriger, D.L. (2020) Overdose-Related Cardiac Arrests Observed by Emergency Medical Services During the US COVID-19 Epidemic JAMA Psychiatry. DOI:

Satty, T., Ramgopal, S., Elmer, J., Mosesso, N.V., & Martin-Gill, C. (2020) EMS responses and non-transports during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine DOI:

Panchal, R.A., Rivard, K.M., Cash, E.R., Corley Jr, P.J., Jean-Baptiste, M., Chrzan, K., & Gugiu, R.M. (2020) Methods and Implementation of the 2019 EMS Practice Analysis Prehospital Emergency Care. DOI:

Qualls, C., Hewes, H., Mann, N. C., Dai, M., & Adelgais, K. (2020) Documentation of Child Maltreatment by Emergency Medical Services in a National DatabasePrehospital Emergency Care, 1–7. DOI:

Miller, M.L., Lincoln, E.W. & Brown, L.H. (2020) Development of a Binary End-of-Event Outcome Indicator for the NEMSIS Public Release Research Dataset, Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI:

Chan, H.K., Okubo, M., Callaway, C.W., Mann, N.C., & Wang, H.E. (2020) Characteristics of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the National Emergency Medical Services Information System. JACEP Open. 2020;1-8. DOI:

Lerner, E.B., Newgard, C.D., & Mann, N.C. (2020) Effect of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‐19) Pandemic on the United States Emergency Medical Services System: A Preliminary Report. Acad Emerg Med. Accepted Author Manuscript. DOI:

Miller, K.E.M., James, H.J., Holmes, G.M., & Van Houtven, C.H. (2020) The effect of rural hospital closures on emergency medical service response and transport times. Health Services Research. 55(2), pp. 288–300  DOI:

Hartka, T. & E. Vaca, F. (2020) Factors associated with EMS transport decisions for pediatric patients after motor vehicle collisionsTraffic Injury Prevention, DOI:


Byrne J.P., Mann N.C., Dai M., et al. (2019) Association Between Emergency Medical Service Response Time and Motor Vehicle Crash Mortality in the United States. JAMA Surg. 2019;154(4):286–293.

Kahn, P.A., Dhruva, S.S., Rhee, T.G., & Ross, J.S. (2019) Use of Mechanical Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Devices for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest, 2010-2016. JAMA Network Open, 2(10), e1913298.

Nwanne, T., Jarvis, J., Barton, D., Donnelly, J. P., & Wang, H. E. (2019) Advanced airway management success rates in a national cohort of emergency medical services agencies, Resuscitation, 146, pp. 43-49.

Jarvis, J.L., Wampler, D, Wang, H.E. (2019) Association of Patient Age with First Pass Success in Out-Of-Hospital Advanced Airway Management, Resuscitation, DOI:

Munjal, K.G., Margolis, G.S., Kellermann, A.L. (2019) Realignment of EMS Reimbursement Policy: New Hope for Patient-Centered Out-of-Hospital Care. JAMA. Published online. DOI:

Troske, S., & Davis, A. (2019) Do Hospital Closures Affect Patient Time in an Ambulance? Rural & Underserved Health Research Center, University of Kentucky. DOI:

Medrano, N.W., Villarreal, C.L., Price, M.A., MacKenzie, E., Nolte, K.B., Phillips, M.J., Stewart, R.M., & Eastridge, B.J. (2019) Multi-Institutional Multidisciplinary Injury Mortality Investigation in the Civilian Pre-Hospital Environment (MIMIC): a methodology for reliably measuring prehospital time and distance to definitive care. Trauma surgery & acute care open, 4(1), p.e000309.

Hagiwara, M.A., Lundberg, L., Sjöqvist, B.A., & Söderholm, H.M.. (2019) The Effects of Integrated IT Support on the Prehospital Stroke Process: Results from a Realistic Experiment. Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research, pp.1-29.

Lipskiy, N., Tyson, J., Zarecki, S.M., & Burkholder, J. (2019) Progress in the Development of the Standardized Public Health Emergency Preparedness Terminology. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 11(1).

Prahlow, S.P., Atrubin, D., Culpepper, A., Hamilton, J.J., Sturms, J., & Card, K. (2019) Approach to Onboarding Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Data Into a Syndromic Surveillance System. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 11(1).

Odom, E., Abbas, A., & Nwaise, I. (2019) Abstract P407: Stroke Dispatch, Provider Impression and Critical Pre-Hospital Time Intervals: NEMSIS, 2016. Circulation, 139(Suppl_1), pp.AP407-AP407.

Nwaise, I. & Odom, E.C. (2019) Abstract P130: Disparities in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Rates Among Adults, Aged≥ 18 Years Old, With 9-1-1 Emergency Medical Service Activation’s in the United States, 2016. Circulation, 139(Suppl_1), pp.AP130-AP130.

El Sayed, M.J., Tamim, H., Mailhac, A., & Mann N.C. (2019) Impact of prehospital mechanical ventilation: A retrospective matched cohort study of 911 calls in the United States. Medicine, 98(4) p.e13990.

Byrne, J.P., Mann, N.C., Dai, M., Mason, S.A., Karanicolas P., Rizoli S., & Nathens A.B. (2019) Association Between Emergency Medical Service Response Time and Motor Vehicle Crash Mortality in the United States. JAMA Surgery.

Watanabe, B.L., Patterson, G.S., Kempema, J.M., Magallanes, O., & Brown, L.H. (2019) Is Use of Warning Lights and Sirens Associated With Increased Risk of Ambulance Crashes? A Contemporary Analysis Using National EMS Information System (NEMSIS) Data. Annals of emergency medicine.

Bode, A.D., Singh, M., Andrews, J.R., Baez, A.A. (2019) Racial and gender disparities in violent trauma: Results from the NEMSIS database. The American journal of emergency medicine, 37(1) pp.53-55.

Friedman, J., Hoof, M., Smith, A., Tatum, D., Ibraheem, K., Guidry, C., Schroll, R., Duchesne, J., & McGrew, P. (2019) Pediatric firearm incidents: it’s time to decrease on-scene mortality. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.


El Sayed, M., El Tawil, C., Tamim, H., Mailhac, A., Mann, N.C. (2018) Emergency medical services experience with barb removal after taser use by law enforcement: a descriptive national study. Prehospital and disaster medicine pp.1-8.

Hewes, H.A., Dai, M., Mann, N.C., Baca, T., & Taillac, P. (2018) Prehospital pain management: disparity by age and race. Prehospital Emergency Care, 22(2) pp.189-197.

Tuttle, J.E. & Hubble, M.W. (2018) Paramedic Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Case Volume Is a Predictor of Return of Spontaneous Circulation. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 19(4), p.654.

Ward, C. & Simpson, J. (2018) Improving Prehospital Management of Children With Respiratory Distress. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 19(1) pp.4-10.

Hsia, R.Y., Huang, D., Mann, N.C., Colwell, C., Mercer, M.P., Dai, M., & Niedzwiecki, M.J. (2018) A US National Study of the Association Between Income and Ambulance Response Time in Cardiac Arrest. JAMA network open, 1(7) pp.e185202-e185202.

Ruelas, O.S., Tschautscher, C.F., Lohse, C.M., & Sztajnkrycer, M.D. (2018) Analysis of Prehospital Scene Times and Interventions on Mortality Outcomes in a National Cohort of Penetrating and Blunt Trauma Patients. Prehospital Emergency Care, 22(6) pp.691-697.

Kaufmann, M.A., Nelson, D.R., Kaushik, P., Mann, N.C., & Mitchell, B. (2018) Hypoglycemia Emergencies: Factors Associated with Prehospital Care, Transportation Status, Emergency Department Disposition, and Cost. Prehospital Emergency Care pp.1-12.

Klassen, A.B., Core, S.B., Lohse, C.M., & Sztajnkrycer, M.D. (2018) A descriptive analysis of care provided by law enforcement prior to EMS arrival in the United States. Prehospital and disaster medicine, 33(2), pp.165-170.

Klassen, A.B., Marshall, M., Dai, M., Mann, N.C., & Sztajnkrycer, M.D. (2018) Emergency Medical Services Response to Mass Shooting and Active Shooter Incidents, United States, 2014–2015. Prehospital emergency care pp.1-8.

Benoit, S.R., Kahn, H.S., Geller, A.I., Budnitz, D.S., Mann, N.C., Dai, M., Gregg, E.W., & Geiss, L.S. (2018) Diabetes-Related Emergency Medical Service Activations in 23 States, United States 2015. Prehospital Emergency Care, 22(6) pp.705-712.

Silva, L.O.J., Anderson, J.L., Bellolio, M.F., Campbell, R.L., Myers, L.A., Luke, A., & Jeffery, M.M. & (2018) Pediatric emergency medical services in privately insured patients: A 10-year national claims analysis. The American journal of emergency medicine.

El Sayed, M., Tamim, H., Mailhac, A., & Mann, N.C. (2018) Ventilator use by emergency medical services during 911 calls in the United States. The American journal of emergency medicine, 36(5) pp.763-768.

Lewis, J.F., Zeger, S.L., Li, X., Mann, N.C., Newgard, C.D., Haynes, S., Wood, S., Dai, M., Simon, A.E., & McCarthy, M.L. (2018) Gender Differences in the Quality of EMS Care Nationwide for Chest Pain and Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Women’s Health Issues.

Duong, H.V., Herrera, L.N., Moore, J.X., Donnelly, J., Jacobson, K.E., Carlson, J.N., Mann, N.C., & Wang, H.E. (2018) National characteristics of emergency medical services responses for older adults in the United States. Prehospital emergency care, 22(1) pp.7-14.

Cash, R.E., Kinsman, J., Crowe, R.P., Rivard, M.K., Faul, M., & Panchal, A.R. (2018) Naloxone Administration Frequency During Emergency Medical Service Events—United States, 2012–2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(31) p.850.


Faul, M., Lurie, P., Kinsman, J.M., Dailey, M.W., Crabaugh, C., & Sasser, S.M. (2017) Multiple naloxone administrations among emergency medical service providers is increasing. Prehospital Emergency Care, 21(4) pp.411-419.

Jena, A.B., Mann, N.C., Wedlund, L.N., & Olenski, A. (2017) Delays in emergency care and mortality during major US marathons. New England Journal of Medicine, 376(15) pp.1441-1450.

Hsia, R.Y., Dai, M., Wei, R., Sabbagh, S., & Mann, N.C. (2017) Geographic discordance between patient residence and incident location in emergency medical services responses. Annals of emergency medicine, 69(1) pp.44-51.

El Sayed, M.J., Tamim, H., Mailhac, A., & Mann, N.C. (2017) Trends and predictors of limb tourniquet use by civilian emergency medical services in the United States. Prehospital Emergency Care, 21(1) pp.54-62.

Shaver, J., McRoberts, D., O’Byrne, B., Morgan, B., Krall, K., Surjan, C., & Mayberry, J. (2017) Farming and ranching related injuries in Southern Idaho. The American Journal of Surgery, 213(5) pp.881-884.

Gale, J., Coburn, A., Pearson, K., Croll, Z., & Shaler, G. (2017) Developing program performance measures for rural emergency medical services. Prehospital Emergency Care, 21(2) pp.157-165.

Chou, R., Korthuis, P.T., McCarty, D., Coffin, P.O., Griffin, J.C., Davis-O’Reilly, C., Grusing, S., & Daya, M. (2017) Management of suspected opioid overdose with naloxone in out-of-hospital settings: a systematic review. Annals of internal medicine, 167(12) pp.867-875.

Moffet, H.H., Warton, E.M., Siegel, L., Sporer, K., Lipska, K.J., & Karter, A.J. (2017) Hypoglycemia patients and transport by EMS in Alameda County, 2013–15. Prehospital Emergency Care, 21(6) pp.767-772.

Steffens, C., Clement, B., Fales, W., Chehade, A.E.H., Putman, K., & Swor, R. (2017) Evaluating the cost and utility of mandating schools to stock epinephrine auto-injectors. Prehospital Emergency Care, 21(5) pp.563-566.

Shtull-Leber, E., Silbergleit, R., & Meurer, W.J. (2017) Pre-hospital midazolam for benzodiazepine-treated seizures before and after the Rapid Anticonvulsant Medication Prior to Arrival Trial: A national observational cohort study. PloS one, 12(3) p.e0173539.

Newgard, C.D., Fu, R., Bulger, E., Hedges, J.R., Mann, N.C., Wright, D.A., Lehrfeld, D.P., Shields, C., Hoskins, G., Warden, C., Wittwer, L. (2017) Evaluation of rural vs urban trauma patients served by 9-1-1 emergency medical services. JAMA surgery, 152(1) pp.11-18.

Kumar, A.R., Butt, S., Abudayyeh, O., Fredericks, T., & Kuk, M. (2017) Statistical Approaches to Modeling EMS Response Time: A Michigan Case Study (No. 17-01431).


Byrne, J.P., Mann, N.C., Hoeft, C.J., Buick, J., Karanicolas, P., Rizoli, S., Hunt, J.P., & Nathens, A.B. (2016) The impact of short prehospital times on trauma center performance benchmarking: An ecologic study. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 80(4) pp.586-596.

Schwartz, J., Dreyer, R.P., Murugiah, K., & Ranasinghe, I. (2016) Contemporary prehospital Emergency Medical Services response times for suspected stroke in the United States. Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(5) pp.560-565.

Faul, M., Stevens, J.A., Sasser, S.M., Alee, L., Deokar, A.J., Kuhls, D.A., & Burke, P.A. (2016) Older adult falls seen by emergency medical service providers: a prevention opportunity. American journal of preventive medicine. 50(6) pp.719-726.

Diggs, L.A., Sheth-Chandra, M., & De Leo, G. (2016) Epidemiology of pediatric Prehospital basic life support Care in the United States. Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(2) pp.230-238.

York Cornwell, E. & Currit, A. (2016) Racial and social disparities in bystander support during medical emergencies on US streets. American journal of public health, 106(6) pp.1049-1051.

Schwartz, J., Dreyer, R.P., Murugiah, K., & Ranasinghe, I. (2016) Contemporary prehospital Emergency Medical Services response times for suspected stroke in the United States. Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(5) pp.560-565.

Olsen, J.A., Lerner, E.B., Persse, D., Sterz, F., Lozano Jr, M., Brouwer, M.A., Westfall, M., Van Grunsven, P.M., Travis, D.T., Herken, U.R., & Brunborg, C. (2016) Chest compression duration influences outcome between integrated load‐distributing band and manual CPR during cardiac arrest. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 60(2) pp.222-229.

Carlson, J.N., Karns, C., Mann, N.C., Jacobson, K., Dai, M., Colleran, C., Wang, H.E. (2016) Procedures performed by emergency medical services in the United States. Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(1) pp.15-21.

Berwick, D., Downey, A., Cornett, E., & National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2016) Overview of Contemporary Civilian and Military Trauma Systems. In A National Trauma Care System: Integrating Military and Civilian Trauma Systems to Achieve Zero Preventable Deaths After Injury. National Academies Press (US).

Diggs, L.A., Sheth-Chandra, M., & De Leo, G. (2016) Epidemiology of pediatric Prehospital basic life support Care in the United States. Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(2) pp.230-238.

Faul, M., Aikman, S.N., & Sasser, S.M. 2016. Bystander intervention prior to the arrival of emergency medical services: comparing assistance across types of medical emergencies. Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(3) pp.317-323.

Mueller, L.R., Donnelly, J.P., Jacobson, K.E., Carlson, J.N., Mann, N.C., & Wang, H.E. (2016) National characteristics of emergency medical services in frontier and remote areas. Prehospital Emergency Care, 20(2) pp.191-199.

El Sayed, M., Tamim, H., & Mann, N.C. (2016) Description of medication administration by Emergency Medical Services during mass-casualty incidents in the United States. Prehospital and disaster medicine, 31(2) pp.141-149.


Martin, A.J., Lohse, C.M., & Sztajnkrycer, M.D. (2015) A descriptive analysis of prehospital response to hazardous materials events. Prehospital and disaster medicine, 30(5) pp.466-471.

Mann, N.C., Kane, L., Dai, M., & Jacobson, K. (2015) Description of the 2012 NEMSIS public-release research dataset. Prehospital emergency care, 19(2) pp.232-240.

Faul, M., Dailey, M.W., Sugerman, D.E., Sasser, S.M., Levy, B., & Paulozzi, L.J. (2015) Disparity in naloxone administration by emergency medical service providers and the burden of drug overdose in US rural communities. American journal of public health, 105(S3) pp.e26-e32.

Hansen, M., Lambert, W., Guise, J.M., Warden, C.R., Mann, N.C., & Wang, H. (2015) Out-of-hospital pediatric airway management in the United States. Resuscitation, 90 pp.104-110.

Tataris, K.L., Mercer, M.P., & Govindarajan, P. (2015) Prehospital aspirin administration for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the USA: an EMS quality assessment using the NEMSIS 2011 database. Emerg Med J, 32(11) pp.876-881.

Drayna, P.C., Browne, L.R., Guse, C.E., Brousseau, D.C., & Lerner, E.B. (2015) Prehospital pediatric care: opportunities for training, treatment, and research. Prehospital emergency care, 19(3) pp.441-447.

Carlson, J.N., Gannon, E., Mann, N.C., Jacobson, K.E., Dai, M., Colleran, C., & Wang, H.E., (2015) Pediatric out-of-hospital critical procedures in the United States. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 16(8) pp.e260-e267.

El Sayed, M., Tamim, H., & Mann, N.C. (2015) Description of procedures performed on patients by emergency medical services during mass casualty incidents in the United States. The American journal of emergency medicine, 33(8) pp.1030-1036.


Tunik, M.G., Mann, N.C., & Lerner, E. 2014. Pediatric emergency medical services research. Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 15(1) pp.96-103.

Genovesi, A.L., Hastings, B., Edgerton, E.A., & Olson, L.M. (2014) Pediatric emergency care capabilities of Indian Health Service emergency medical service agencies serving American Indians/Alaska Natives in rural and frontier areas. Rural Remote Health, 14(2) p.2688.

Patel, M.D., Brice, J.H., Moss, C., Suchindran, C.M., Evenson, K.R., Rose, K.M., & Rosamond, W.D. (2014) An evaluation of emergency medical services stroke protocols and scene times. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18(1) pp.15-21.

Schenk, E., Wijetunge, G., Mann, N.C., Lerner, E.B., Longthorne, A., Dawson, D. (2014) Epidemiology of mass casualty incidents in the United States. Prehospital emergency care, 18(3) pp.408-416.

Diggs, L.A., Yusuf, J.E.W., & De Leo, G. (2014) An update on out-of-hospital airway management practices in the United States. Resuscitation, 85(7) pp.885-892.

Flannagan, C., Elliott, M.R., Mann, N.C., & Rupp, J.D. (2014) Sampling Serious Injuries in Traffic Crashes at the State Level. Transportation Research Record, 2432(1), pp.118-123.

Karns, C.J., Carlson, J.N., Mann, N.C., Jacobson, K.E., Dai, M., Colleran, C., & Wang, H.E. (2014) 76 Classification and Frequency of Emergency Medical Services Procedures Performed in the United States. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 64(4) p.S28.

Newgard, C.D., Richardson, D., Holmes, J.F., Rea, T.D., Hsia, R.Y., Mann, N.C., Staudenmayer, K., Barton, E.D., Bulger, E.M., Haukoos, J.S., & Western Emergency Services Translational Research Network (WESTRN) Investigators. (2014) Physiologic field triage criteria for identifying seriously injured older adults. Prehospital Emergency Care, 18(4) pp.461-470.


Caceres, J.A., Adil, M.M., Jadhav, V., Chaudhry, S.A., Pawar, S., Rodriguez, G.J., Suri, M.F.K., Qureshi, A.I. (2013) Diagnosis of stroke by emergency medical dispatchers and its impact on the prehospital care of patients. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases, 22(8) pp.e610-e614.

Wang, H.E., Mann, N.C., Jacobson, K.E., Mears, G., Smyrski, K., & Yealy, D.M. (2013) National characteristics of emergency medical services responses in the United States. Prehospital emergency care, 17(1) pp.8-14.

Tataris, K., Govindarajan, P., Mercer, M., Yeh, C., & Sporer, K. (2013) Out-of-Hospital Aspirin Administration for Acute Coronary Syndrome in the United States: An EMS Quality Assessment Using the NEMSIS (National EMS Information System) Database. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 62(4) p.S45.

Westgard, B.C., Peterson, B.K., Salzman, J.G., Anderson, R., Buldra, M., Burnett, A.M. (2013) Longitudinal and regional trends in paramedic student exposure to advanced airway placement: 2001–2011. Prehospital Emergency Care, 17(3) pp.379-385.

Mowafi, H., Dworkis, D., Bisanzo, M., Hansoti, B., Seidenberg, P., Obermeyer, Z., Hauswald, M., & Reynolds, T.A. (2013) Making Recording and Analysis of Chief Complaint a Priority for Global Emergency Care Research in Low‐income Countries. Academic Emergency Medicine, 20(12) pp.1241-1245.

Haider, A.H., Hashmi, Z.G., Zafar, S.N., Hui, X., Schneider, E.B., Efron, D.T., Haut, E.R., Cooper, L.A., MacKenzie, E.J., Cornwell III, E.E. (2013) Minority trauma patients tend to cluster at trauma centers with worse-than-expected mortality: can this phenomenon help explain racial disparities in trauma outcomes? Annals of surgery, 258(4) p.572.

Fleischman, R.J., Lundquist, M., Jui, J., Newgard, C.D., Warden, C. (2013) Predicting ambulance time of arrival to the emergency department using global positioning system and Google maps. Prehospital Emergency Care, 17(4) pp.458-465.

Newgard, C.D., Mann, N.C., Hsia, R.Y., Bulger, E.M., Ma, O.J., Staudenmayer, K., Haukoos, J.S., Sahni, R., Kuppermann, N., & Western Emergency Services Translational Research Network (WESTRN) Investigators. (2013) Patient choice in the selection of hospitals by 9‐1‐1 emergency medical services providers in trauma systems. Academic Emergency Medicine, 20(9) pp.911-919.


Mader, T.J., Nathanson, B.H., Millay, S., Coute, R.A., Clapp, M., & McNally, B. (2012) Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes stratified by rhythm analysis. Resuscitation, 83(11) pp.1358-1362.

Erich, J. (2012) What do you do with that data? NEMSIS is power–learn how to take advantage. EMS world, 41(9) pp.61-61.

Jadhav, V., Pawar, S., Chaudhry, S., Hassan, A., Rodriguez, G., Suri, M.F., & Qureshi, A. (2012) Accuracy of Stroke Identification by EMS Dispatch Units: An Analysis of National Emergency Medical Services Information System Data (NEMSIS)(P02. 221).

Newgard, C.D., Zive, D., Jui, J., Weathers, C., & Daya, M. (2012) Electronic Versus Manual Data Processing: Evaluating the Use of Electronic Health Records in Out‐of‐hospital Clinical Research. Academic Emergency Medicine, 19(2) pp.217-227.

Clark, D.E., Qian, J., Sihler, K.C., Hallagan, L.D., & Betensky, R.A. (2012) The distribution of survival times after injury. World journal of surgery, 36(7) pp.1562-1570.

Atach Investigators. (2012) Antihypertensive Medication in Suspected Stroke Patients in Pre-Hospital Settings in United States (P02. 197). Neurology, 78(1 Supplement) pp.P02-197.


Newgard, C.D., Zive, D., Malveau, S., Leopold, R., Worrall, W., & Sahni, R. (2011) Developing a statewide emergency medical services database linked to hospital outcomes: a feasibility study. Prehospital Emergency Care, 15(3) pp.303-319.

Wang, H.E., Mann, N.C., Mears, G., Jacobson, K., & Yealy, D.M. (2011) Out-of-hospital airway management in the United States. Resuscitation, 82(4) pp.378-385.

Cairns, C., Potenziani, D., Hoit, M., Jenkins, C., & Edgemon, S. (2011) Novel approach to statewide biosurveillance using emergency medical services (EMS) information. Emerg Health Threats J pg. 4.

Scottpg, E.E., Earle-Richardson, G., Krupa, N., & Jenkins, P. (2011) A correction factor for estimating statewide agricultural injuries from ambulance reports. Annals of epidemiology, 21(10) pp.767-772.


Hafley, C. (2010) Building a PSO “Field of Dreams” for Emergency Medical Services. Partnership.


Shaeffer, Z., Gohdes, D., Legler, J., Taillac, P. & Larsen B. (2009) Monitoring prehospital stroke care in Utah to assess the feasibility of using EMS data for surveillance. Preventing chronic disease, 6(4) p. 1-5.

Forst, L., & Erskine, T., (2009) Farm injuries in Ohio, 2003-2006: a report from the emergency medical services prehospital database. Journal of agricultural safety and health, 15(2) pp.171-183.


Chen, R., Sharman, R., Chakravarti, N., Rao, HR., & Upadhyaya, S.J. (2008) Emergency response information system interoperability: development of chemical incident response data model. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 9(3) p.7.

Morrison, L.J., Nichol, G., Rea, T.D., Christenson, J., Callaway, C.W., Stephens, S., Pirrallo, R.G., Atkins, D.L., Davis, D.P., Idris, A.H., & Newgard, C. (2008) Rationale, development and implementation of the resuscitation outcomes consortium epistry—cardiac arrest. Resuscitation, 78(2) pp.161-169.